Seed mixture

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“Better together than alone" said Sepp Holzer. Mixed cultures are the basis of his cultivation. Some principles are:

  • use deep, medium and shallow rooting plants to activate as much of the soil as possible
  • when soil is poor, plant cover crop/ green manure mixes for 2-3 years, then the soil will be fertile enough to plant fruit trees.
  • don't mow them, most plants reseed themselves.

Seed mixture for cool climate

Name Roots Perennial Sowing time Propagation Lifesign Harvest Edibility Other use Impact on plants*
Hypericum perforatum D Y Automn,Spring Seeds, Bulbs VI (1st year), VI, VIII(next year) N Medicinal
Valeriana officinalis S Y early Automn,Spring Seeds X, IV, V (roots) N Medicinal
Achillea millefolium D Y early Spring, Automn Container,Seeds,Sprigs VII,VIII, IX Y (young leaves as spice) Medicinal,Cosmetic 1,2,3,4
Calendula officinalis S N Spring, Automn Seeds, Self-sowing VI, VII,VIII, Y (young leaves,flowers as a dye) Medicinal,Cosmetic 3, 5
Angelica archangelica S N early Spring, Automn,August??? Seeds, Self-sowing 1st year Automn, 2d year early Spring, Y (for alcohol production, jam from stems) Medicinal
Marrubium vulgare D Y April Seeds, Self-sowing 14 days VI, Automn - roots (best 2d year) Y (as spice in confectionery, for beer production) Medicinal,Cosmetic
Althaea officinalis D Y Spring Seeds VII,VIII - flowers, leaves, Automn,early Sring - roots (best 2d year) Y (root extract used as flavouring halva. The flowers, young leaves added to salads or boiled and fried) Medicinal,Cosmetic
Comfrey D Y Spring, Automn Seeds,Self-sowing,by division of rhizomes Automn- roots N Medicinal 6,7
Levisticum officinale D Y August, Automn, Spring??? Seeds,Self-sowing 20 days Automn- roots (2d,3d year) Y (The leaves can be used in salads, soup, roots as a vegetable, in salads, seeds can be used as a spice, tea) Medicinal
Artemisia vulgaris D Y Automn ??? Seeds,Self-sowing Automn, early Spring- roots, VII,VIII,IX -stem,leaves Medicinal
Mullein D Y Automn, V, VI Seeds,Self-sowing VII,VIII -flowers N (Mullein is the active ingredient in many alternative smoking blends) Medicinal, Cosmetic
Ononis spinosa D Y Seeds, by division of rhizomes Automn,early Spring - roots Y (Edible Parts: Flowers; Leaves; Root.

Young shoots - cooked. Used as a potherb. Roots - chewed for their liquorice-like flavour. Flowers - raw. They are used as a decoration on salads)

Medicinal 8
Peppermint D Y Spring only vegetatively (by cuttings from the tops of shoots of plants, by division of rhizomes) June,August (twice) Y(tea from the leaves, as a spice) Medicinal, Cosmetic 9,10
Potentilla erecta, D Y Spring Seeds early Spring, Automn - rhizome (2d,3d year) The roots are a main ingredient of a bitter liqueur Medicinal, Cosmetic, to dye red
Motherwort D Y September Seeds VIII,IX-stem,leaves Medicinal
Inula helenium D Y Spring, Automn Seeds, by division of rhizomes Automn -rhizome with roots (2d,3dyear) Y (young leaves, root, rhizomes) Medicinal, root can be used as incense
Fava beans
Clovers (Trifolium pratense, subterraneum, hybridum, repens, incarnatum, resupinatum, alexandrinum; Anthyllis vulneraria, Lotus corniculatus...)
Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia)
Rape (brassica napus)
Phacelia tanacetifolia
Melilot (Sweet Clover, Melilotus)
Helianthus tuberosus
Potatoes from seed
Perennial russian rye
Digitalis purpurea (purple foxglove) next to fruit
Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)
Black maize
Wild spinach

* Impact on plants:

1. Leaves accelerate the composting process

2. Planted in the company of other herbs increases their content of precious essential oils

3. Increases resistance to pathogens of vegetables

4. Liked by ladybugs, which eat aphids

5. Fights nematodes

6. As a liquid fertilizer rich in potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, especially recommended for tomatoes and flowering plants

7. Accumulates potassium from the soil

8. Accumulates nitrogen from the soil

9. Luxuriantly grows and spreads. It can be mulching

10. Has the ability to deter certain pests, such as: black ants and aphids